Richland Hospital Health & Safety Tips

Water Safety

Drowning is second only to transportation injuries as a cause of unintentional injury death for children and adolescents. Drowning death rates peak at 1 to 2 years of age and again in older adolescence.

Most toddler and preschooler drownings occur when a briefly unattended child falls into a body of water. Toddlers can drown in any amount of water that is deep enough to cover the nose and mouth: diaper pail, toilet bowl, large bucket and bath tub.

  • Drownings are more likely to occur on the weekends and during the warm months.
  • Alcohol is involved in many adolescent drownings.
  • Body surfing is associated with spinal cord injuries.
  • Diving where the water depth is inadequate causes spinal cord injuries.


Children should NEVER play in or near water without supervision. Constant visual contact is necessary by an adult who has not been drinking alcoholic beverages.

  • Place a 4-sided fence (unbreakable) around backyard pools.
  • Ensure that all pool and spa drains are properly grated.
  • Only permit swimming / boating in designated areas.
  • Encourage wearing personal floatation devices when in or near water.
  • Swimming lessons when children are of appropriate age.

Safe Kids Worldwide™, online at, has created the following downloadable pdfs:

*We would like to thank Safe Kids Worldwide™ for their permission to offer these pdfs on our website.